3.4.3 Where can McGregor´s Leadership Theories be applied?

Finding the right approach to leadership in your company is an issue of critical importance. In the area of management there is an important concept of leadership, namely the X-Y- and Z-theory of leadership by McGregor. McGregor believed "that leadership strategies are influenced by a leader's assumptions about human nature?. As a result of his experience as a consultant, McGregor summarized two contrasting sets of assumptions made by managers in industry". (Bolden & Gosling 2003) Managers that believe in theory-X have an authoritarian leadership style. He/she is goal-orientated, but not employee-orientated, because employees are seen as means to an end. Y-theory-based managers on the other hand possess a cooperative and participative leadership style, and are therefore employee- and goal-orientated.